Cervical Laminoplasty


Cervical vertebrae surround and protect the spinal cord and nerve roots in the neck. These vertebrae have an opening, called the spinal canal, through which the spinal cord passes. Blood vessels and ligaments also go through the spinal canal.

A condition called spinal stenosis occurs when the spinal canal narrows. The narrowing of the spinal can be caused by thickening of ligaments, degeneration of intervertebral discs and bone spurs. Some symptoms of spinal stenosis are gait disturbances, clumsiness of the hands and pain/numbness of the arms.

Cervical Laminoplasty Surgery

A cervical laminoplasty procedure is performed to decompress or remove spinal pressure. The buildup of bone spurs, ligaments or discs in the cervical spine can lead to a number of symptoms that include weakness, walking instability, numbness and clumsiness of the arms, among others. This condition is also known as cervical myelopathy, and can create uneasiness and immobility for any individual.

A cervical laminoplasty procedure involves the hinging of one side of the posterior vertebrae elements, while cutting the other side of the vertebrae to create a door. This door is then held in place by wedges. The goal of a cervical laminoplasty surgery is to hinder or stop the progression of spinal cord damage, while allowing for the recovery of mobility and function.

When Cervical Laminoplasty Surgery is Necessary?

A cervical laminoplasty can be necessary for the following reasons:

  • Degenerative diseases
  • Arthritis
  • Bone spurs
  • Disc herniations
  • OPLL (Ossification of the Posterior Longitudinal Ligaments)
  • Spinal tumors
  • Spinal fractures